Rashid A. Sunyaev#


Rashid A. Sunyaev
Membership Number:915
Membership type:ORDINARY
Main Country of Residence:RUSSIA
Section:EARTH & COSMIC SCIENCES
Elected:1990
Homepage: https://www.ias.edu/scholars/rashid-sunyaev
https://www.mpg.de/379023/astrophysik_wissM1



Present and Previous Positions
  • Since 2010 Maureen and John Hendricks Distinguished Visiting Professor in the School of Natural Sciences at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton
  • Since 2002 Head of the High-Energy Astrophysics Dept. of the Institute for Space Research in Moscow
  • Since 2001 Professor at the Institute of Physics and Technology in Moscow
  • Since 1995 Director and Scientific Member at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics
  • Since 1992 Chief Scientist of IKI
  • 1973 - 1982 Head of the Laboratory for Theoretical Astrophysics
  • 1968 - 1973 Scientific collaborator of the Institute for Applied Mathematics at the Soviet Academy of Sciences

Fields of Scholarship
  • Physical cosmology
  • High-energy astrophysics
  • Cosmological recombination of hydrogen and helium
  • Physics of gas accretion onto neutron stars and black holes
  • Problem of matter
  • Radiation interaction under extreme astrophysical conditions

Honours and Awards
  • Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1984
  • Bruno Rossi Prize in 1988 for his contributions to understanding cosmic X-ray sources, especially the structure of accretion disks around black holes, the X-ray spectra of compact objects, and the Mir-based discovery of hard X-ray emission from supernovae 1987A
  • Foreign Associate of USA National Academy of Sciences since 1991
  • Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1995
  • Bruce Medal in 2000 for a lifetime of outstanding research in astronomy
  • State Prize of Russian Federation in 2000 for research of Black Holes and Neutron stars with GRANAT X-ray and gamma-ray astrophysical observatory in 1990-1998
  • Alexander Friedman Prize by Russian Academy of Sciences in 2002 for the publications on the reduction of brightness of cosmic microwave background radiation in the direction of clusters of galaxies
  • Heineman Prize in 2003 for outstanding work in astrophysics
  • Gruber Prize in Cosmology in 2003 for pioneering studies on the nature of the cosmic microwave background and its interaction with intervening matter that led to new cosmological models
  • Member of German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina since 2003
  • Foreign Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences since 2004
  • International Member of the American Philosophical Society since 2007
  • Crafoord Prize in 2008 for decisive contributions to high-energy astrophysics and cosmology
  • Henry Norris Russell Lectureship in 2008
  • Karl Schwarzschild Medal of the German Astronomische Gesellschaft in 2008

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