Claude Cohen-Tannoudji#


Commandeur de la Légion d’Honneur
Commandeur de l'Ordre National du Mérite
Born on April 1, 1933 in Constantine
Member of Académie des Sciences (Paris)

Biography

Claude Cohen-Tannoudji was born in 1933. He completed his Ph.D. with Professors Alfred Kastler and Jean Brossel in 1962 at Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris. He then occupied a position of Professor at the University of Paris from 1964 to 1973. From 1973 to 2004, he was Professor of Atomic and Molecular Physics at the Collège de France in Paris. He is a member of the French Académie des Sciences since 1981, and a foreign member associate of many Sciences's Academy over the world.

Among other distinctions, he has received the Gold Medal of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. He shared the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics with Steven Phillips and Steven Chu.

He has been invited to give series of lectures in several Universities in Europe, United States, Canada, Israel, India, China, Indonesia, Korea, Brasil,….

He has written about 200 theoretical and experimental papers dealing with various problems of atomic physics and quantum optics : optical pumping and light shifts, dressed atom approach for understanding the behaviour of atoms in intense RF or optical fields, quantum interference effects, resonance fluorescence, photon correlations, physical interpretation of radiative corrections, radiative forces, laser cooling and trapping, Bose-Einstein condensation. He is co-author of books on quantum mechanics, quantum electrodynamics, quantum optics, Levy statistics.

Curriculum Vitae#


Carreer
  • 1953-1957 Ecole Normale Supérieure.
  • 1957 Agrégation de Sciences Physiques.
  • 1957-1959 Military obligations
  • 1960-1964 Research position at Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.
  • 1962 PhD
  • 1964-1967 Associate Professor at Faculté des Sciences de Paris.
  • 1967-1973 Full Professor at Faculté des Sciences de Paris.
  • 1973-2004 Professor at Collège de France (Atomic and Molecular Physics).

Special lectures
  • 1976 Loeb Lecturer, Harvard University
  • 1978 European Physical Society Lecturer. 1981 Klosk Lecturer, New York University
  • Welsh Lecturer, Toronto University
  • 1988 Lorentz Professor, Leiden University
  • 1991 Visiting Professor, Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa
  • 1994 Leigh Page Prize Lectures, Yale University
  • 1995 Houston Memorial Lectures, Rice University
  • 1996 Loeb Lecturer, Harvard University
  • 1997 Distinguished Lecturer, Wenner-Gren Foundation, Sweden
  • Alexander M. Cruickshank Award, Gordon Research Center, Henniker
  • Distinguished JILA Visitor, University of Colorado, Boulder
  • Linus Pauling Lectureship, Caltech, Pasadena
  • 1999 Academy Lecture, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore
  • Homi Bhabha Lecture, TIFR, Mumbai
  • Albert Einstein Lecture, New Delhi
  • Aronov Memorial Lecture, Weizmann Institute, Rehovot
  • Schrödinger Lecture, Imperial College, London
  • 2000 Nishina Memorial Lecture, Tokyo University
  • 2001 Lawrence C. Biedenharn Lecture, Texas University, Austin
  • 2002 James Simon Lectures, Stony Brook University
  • 3rd Massey Memorial Lecture, University College London
  • The 2002 James Franck Memorial Lecture, Academy of Science, Israel
  • 2003 The Seo Nam Distinguished Lecture, Seoul National University, South Korea
  • The Werner Heisenberg lecture, Carl Friedrich von Siemens Foundation, Munich, Germany
  • 2004 The Distinguished Jortner Lectures, Tel-Aviv University, Israël
  • 2005 "Wolfgang Pauli" lecture, Zurich, Suisse
  • 2006 Dean S. Edmonds Lecture, Boston
  • Birla Memorial Lecture, Hyderabad, Inde
  • Distinguished Lecture, Hong Kong
  • 2007 Conférences du Collège de France à Tunis
  • Conférences à l’Université de Bilbao
  • Distinguished Lecture, Hong Kong

Main scientific distinctions
  • 1963 Langevin Prize of the French Physical Society
  • 1964 Silver Medal of Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
  • 1971 Physics Great Prize of the French Physical Society
  • 1979 Thomas Young Medal and Prize of the Institute of Physics
  • 1980 Ampère Prize of Académie des Sciences
  • 1986 Fellow of the American Physical Society
  • 1991 Research Award de l'Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
  • 1992 Lilienfeld Prize of American Physical Society
  • 1992 Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • Member of the European Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • 1993 Member of Academia Europaea
  • Charles Townes Award of Optical Society of America
  • 1994 Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (USA)
  • Doctor Honoris Causa of the University of Uppsala
  • 1995 Matteucci Medal of the Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze, Roma
  • 1996 Harvey Prize in Science and Technology of Technion Israël Institute of Technology, Haifa
  • Quantum Electronics Prize of European Physical Society
  • Associate foreign member of the Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique
  • Foreign Associate of the Accademia dei Lincei of Italy
  • Gold Medal of Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
  • 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics
  • 1998 Doctor Honoris Causa of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • Honorary Doctor of Technology of Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) de Stockholm
  • Foreign Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences, Allahabad, India
  • 1999 Honorary Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore
  • Member of the Pontificia Academia Scientiarum, Vatican City
  • Doctor Honoris Causa of the University of Bar Ilan, Israël
  • Honorary Associate Member of the Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Lyon
  • Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science of the University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
  • Doctor Honoris Causa of the Université Libre of Bruxelles
  • Doctor Honoris Causa of the University Federale of Pernambuco, Recife
  • 2000 Foreign fellow of the Indian Science Academy of New Delhi
  • Doctor Honoris Causa of the University of Liège
  • 2002 Honorary Professor of Pekin University
  • Optical Society of America Honorary Member Honorary Membership of the Indonesia Physics Society
  • 2003 Foreign Member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences
  • Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • 2004 Doctor Honoris Causa of the Tel-Aviv University, Israel
  • Big Cross of the National Order of the Brazilian Scientific Merit
  • 2005 Golden Medal CSCI, Espagne
  • 2007 Docteur Honoris Causa de la City University de Hong Kong
  • 2007 Docteur Honoris Causa de L'Universite Ben Gurion, Israël

Research

Theoretical and experimental investigations of various problems of atomic physics and quantum optics : optical pumping and light shifts, dressed atom approach for understanding the behavior of atoms in intense RF or optical fields, quantum interference effects, resonance fluorescence, photon correlations, physical interpretation of radiative corrections, radiative forces, laser cooling and trapping, Bose-Einstein condensation.

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