!!Raymond Bradley - Biography
Ray Bradley is a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Geosciences and Director of the Climate System Research Center at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He did his undergraduate work at Southampton University (U.K.) and his post-graduate studies (M.S., Ph.D.) at the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder. He also earned a D.Sc. from Southampton University, for his contributions in paleoclimatology. In 2015, he received the Zuckerberg Leadership Chair from the University of Massachusetts Foundation, and was a Visiting Professor at the University of Bergen, Norway.

Bradley received the Oeschger Medal of the European Geosciences Union and honorary degrees (D.Sc ''honoris causa'') from Lancaster University (U.K.), Queen’s University (Canada) and the University of Bern (Switzerland). He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Arctic Institute of North America and was elected a Foreign Member of the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, and Academia Europaea, the European Academy of Science.

Bradley’s research focuses on climate variability over recent centuries and millennia, using instrumental and proxy records of past climate, making major contributions to our understanding of climate change over the last century. He has made it clear that these changes are well outside the envelope of natural variability that the earth has experienced over recent millennia. His research on natural forcing factors has helped to clarify the factors that caused climates to vary in the past. He has shown the critical importance of well-calibrated paleoclimate proxies for placing recent changes in a long-term context, thereby clarifying the important effects that humans have had on climate in recent decades. This led to him becoming the target of attacks by politicians and "denialists" of global warming, to which he responded in his book "''Global Warming and Political Intimidation''", 2011 {University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, also available in a Japanese translation {2012} by Kagaku Dojin, Tokyo},providing a clear explanation of the issues involved for the public at large,.

Bradley has written or edited thirteen books on climatic change, including ''Paleoclimatology: Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary'' {3rd edition, 2014) [Elsevier/Academic Press, San Diego; ISBN 9780123869135}, which won a 2015 Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association. Other books include, ''The Hadley Circulation, Present, Past and Future''(eds. H.F. Diaz, and R.S. Bradley, 2004. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht); ''Paleoclimate, Global Change and the Future'' (eds. K. Alverson, R.S. Bradley and T.F. Pedersen, 2003; Springer, Berlin); ''Climate Change and Society'' (R.S. Bradley and N.E. Law, 2001, Stanley Thornes, Cheltenham, U.K.); ''Climate Variations and Forcing Mechanisms of the Last 2000 years'' (eds. P.D. Jones, R.S. Bradley and J. Jouzel, 1996. Springer, Berlin), and ''Climate Since A.D. 1500'' (eds. R.S. Bradley and P.D. Jones, 1995. Routledge, London). In addition, Bradley has authored/co-authored more than 200 peer-reviewed articles on climate change, covering a wide range of topics. He has a particular focus on the climate of the Arctic, and of mountainous areas, reflecting his long-standing interests in those regions. He has carried out extensive fieldwork in the Arctic and North Atlantic region {Canadian High Arctic, Greenland, Svalbard, the Faroe Islands and northern Norway}.